უცხოეთის ბიბლიოთეკების ამბები

Desarrollo Sostenible e Inclusivo a través de las Bibliotecas en América Latina y el Caribe - Convocatoria de comentarios sobre borrador de Declaración

IFLA - Fri, 22/06/2018 - 15:00

La IFLA invita a la comunidad bibliotecaria de la región de América Latina y el Caribe (ALC) a compartir sus comentarios sobre un borrador de declaración sobre bibliotecas, acceso a la información y desarrollo. Este borrador, resultado de la estrecha colaboración entre la IFLA y la Biblioteca Hernán Santa Cruz de la Comisión Económica de las Naciones Unidas para ALC, tiene como objetivo enviar un mensaje fuerte y unificado a los ministros en 2019.

La Agenda 2030 de las Naciones Unidas tiene una fuerte dimensión regional. Los países trabajan juntos en este nivel para encontrar soluciones a los desafíos de desarrollo compartidos, apoyados por las propias comisiones regionales de la ONU.

La América Latina y el Caribe no es una excepción, la Comisión Económica de las Naciones Unidas para ALC (CEPAL o CEPAL) fue sede de la Segunda Reunión del Foro de los Países de América Latina y el Caribe sobre Desarrollo Sostenible, del 18 al 20 de abril en Santiago, Chile.

La IFLA organizó un evento paralelo allí, en colaboración con la Biblioteca de la CEPAL, centrado en la importancia del acceso a la información para el desarrollo, y cómo las bibliotecas promover el desarrollo. Los participantes discutieron sobre lo que las bibliotecas ofrecen a la región, y exploraron la idea de un borrador de declaración, desarrollado gracias al arduo trabajo de la Biblioteca de la CEPAL y Adriana Cybele Ferrari (Participante de IFLA IAP y Presidente de FEBAB).

La declaración, tras el éxito de la Declaración de Lyon 2014 y la Declaración de Ciudad del Cabo de 2015, establece la importancia del acceso y el papel de las bibliotecas en ofrecerlo. De esta manera, proporciona un texto único, elaborado por las bibliotecas de la región, para la región, transladando los mensajes globales de la IFLA a un nivel regional.

La Declaración, una vez finalizada, proporcionará un punto de referencia para las bibliotecas y los promotores de las bibliotecas de toda la región en el trabajo de promoción y defensa. Con el apoyo suficiente, enviará un mensaje a los gobiernos, a nivel regional y mundial, sobre el compromiso de nuestras instituciones con el desarrollo y sobre lo que se necesita para dar continuidad a esta importante labor.

Por lo tanto, la IFLA invita a enviar comentarios sobre el borrador. El documento está disponible en el sitio web de la Biblioteca de la CEPAL (en inglés, español, y portugués), así como instrucciones sobre cómo enviar los comentarios, con fecha límite el 1 de agosto de 2018.

Sustainable and Inclusive Development through Libraries in Latin America and the Caribbean – Call for Views on Draft Declaration

IFLA - Fri, 22/06/2018 - 14:11

IFLA is encouraging the library community across the Latin America and Caribbean (LAC) region to share their views on a draft declaration on libraries, access to information and development. This, the result of close collaboration between IFLA and the Hernán Santa Cruz Library of the UN Economic Commission for LAC, aims to send a strong, unified message to ministers in 2019.

The United Nations’ 2030 Agenda has a strong regional dimension. Countries work together at this level to find solutions to shared development challenges, supported by the UN’s own regional commissions.

Latin America and the Caribbean is no exception, with the UN Economic Commission for LAC (ECLAC, or CEPAL in Spanish) hosting the Second Meeting of the Forum of the Countries of Latin America and the Caribbean on Sustainable Development on 18-20 April in Santiago, Chile.

IFLA organised a side-event there, in collaboration with the ECLAC library, focusing on the important of access to information for development, and how libraries could deliver this. Participants discussed what libraries can offer to the region, and explored the idea of a draft declaration, developed thanks to the hard work of the ECLAC Library and Adriana Cybele Ferrari (IFLA IAP Participant and FEBAB President).

The declaration, following the success of the 2014 Lyon Declaration, and the 2015 Cape Town Declaration, sets out the importance of access and the role of libraries in providing this. In doing so, it provides a single text, drafted by libraries in the region, for the region, bringing IFLA’s global messages to the regional level.

The Declaration, once completed, will provide a reference point for libraries and friends of libraries across the region in their advocacy. With enough support, it will send a message to governments, regionally and globally, of our institutions’ commitment to development, and of what is needed to deliver it.

IFLA therefore welcomes feedback on the draft, available on the ECLAC library website (English, Spanish, Portuguese) with instructions on how to do this, with a deadline of 1 August 2018.

Open Call: Host The LIBER Journées Leadership Programme 2020

LIBER news - Fri, 22/06/2018 - 11:19

LIBER is looking for a new host for its renowned LIBER Journées programme. Aimed at library directors who are already in leadership positions in their institution, the Journées course focuses on how directors can deliver strategic change as libraries and institutions redefine and transform themselves in a dynamic information and social environment. It is organised by…

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Open Science & Research Libraries Workshop: Let’s Build The Skills!

LIBER news - Thu, 21/06/2018 - 18:27

The FOSTER Plus Project and the Digital Skills for Library Staff & Researchers Working Group are co-organising the pre-conference Workshop “Open Science and Research Libraries: Let’s build the skills” on July 4th (09:00 – 12:00), before the 47th LIBER Conference Opening Ceremony. Open science is gaining momentum and research librarians are starting to invent new digital models, to…

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Copyright Reform: Library Compromises Welcomed But TDM Exception Needs To Go Further

LIBER news - Thu, 21/06/2018 - 17:09

As Europe’s largest network of research libraries, LIBER has consistently fought for copyright reforms which support research and innovation in Europe. The report adopted by European Parliament’s Legal Affairs Committee (JURI) on proposed changes to the Commission’s Copyright in the Digital Single Market Directive includes draft compromises which are important to libraries in the digital…

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Sunshine and Clouds: The European Parliament Takes Position on the Copyright Directive

IFLA - Thu, 21/06/2018 - 14:18

Yesterday, the Legal affairs committee at the European Parliament (EP) voted on the copyright Directive. There is welcome confirmation of the value of exceptions to copyright as a guarantee of access to knowledge and use of information across borders. But a sting in the tail remains, with broad scope for obliging educators to pay for licences for all uses of works, and a backwards step on technological protection measures.

After having postponed the final vote many times due to difficulties to find agreement, the lead committee in the dossier has finally adopted a position. Given that the Commission and the Council had already defined their positions, many (among which libraries) placed a lot of hope on the European Parliament’s text to counterbalance some of the (negative) provisions, ahead of discussions between the three institutions to adopt a final text later in the year. 

A series of very positive amendments for libraries have been adopted, although some other worrying provisions have managed to get enough support. With adoption of two very controversial provisions (upload filters and the new press publishers’ rights), some parliamentarians will try to push for more discussions not just in the Legal Affairs Committee, but in the EP as a whole. In that case, the position adopted today will be voted upon the plenary of the EP (751 members instead of the 49 in the legal affairs committee), before this is considered the EP’s final position. This vote would take place on the 2 July.

Here is what the legal affairs committee has decided on some of the most relevant articles for libraries:

Text and data mining

The Parliament has agreed on a mandatory exception for research organisations (now including libraries) to undertake text and data mining (reproductions and extractions of data) of materials to which they have lawful access. It is combined with a second exception, which member states do not need to adopt (optional), allowing any person or institution with legal access to the content to do text and data mining, but giving rightholders the possibility to override this by “reserving” this right. 

Datasets created for the purpose of conducting text and data mining will not have to be deleted afterwards but stored in a secure manner, for instance through trusted bodies appointed for this purpose. This will probably have to be defined at a national level. It is a very welcome provision.

The adoption of this exception does not mean that member states cannot go further under a 2001 Directive on copyright.

Although the compromise adopted is much more positive than previous text, IFLA will continue to advocate for a mandatory exception for text and data mining by all individuals and institutions with legal access to the works, defending the idea that the right to read is the right to mine.

Education

Educational activities using digital materials conducted in the premises of a cultural heritage institution benefit from an exception if the activity is lead by an educational institution. Member states can, however, chose not to make the exception applicable if adequate licenses covering theses uses are available in the market.

Preservation

There is a mandatory exception to make reproductions of works for the purpose of preservation, and it cannot be overridden by contract. The provisions allow for cross-border preservation networks.

A new addition has been made, according to which any reproduction of material in the public domain will not be protected by copyright (under a few conditions).

Functioning of exceptions and limitations

A very worrying provision, that was not present in the Commission’s original text, was adopted by the EP. It establishes that any content accessed thanks to an exception shall not be used through another exception.

Out of commerce works

The EP has added a fall-back exception to the licensed-based system proposed by the Commission to solve the problem of out of commerce works. It means that whenever no appropriate licensed-based solutions are in place, the exception will apply for the reproduction, communication to the public and distribution of out of commerce works by cultural heritage institutions.

The definition of out of commerce works has been amended to explicitly include works that were never in commerce under the system.

Union Legal Deposit

The EP has adopted a provision on a European legal (at the European Parliament’s library) of any electronic publication “dealing with union-related matters” (followed by a non-exhaustive list of topics). The deposit would consist on one copy of every publication on the topic for works published, printed or imported in the Union.

New press publishers right

Although many were expecting the Parliament to delete this article, it was kept. From the library sector, there are worries that it will add another layer of rights to be cleared when using press publications. There are also concerns about the broader implication when linking and sharing information. On the bright side, scientific journals are not affected by this provision.

Upload filters

This other very controversial article sets up an obligation for online content sharing service provides to monitor and filter (taking content down when needed) all content uploaded by user to ensure that no content infringing copyright is available. Only one positive aspect can be underlined: this obligation will not apply to educational and scientific repositories, among other services acting in a non-commercial purpose capacity.

TAKE ACTION!

As mentioned above, and although this vote has been a major step, there is more to come on this dossier and IFLA will keep engaging with decisionmakers to ensure the best result possible.

You can also do so yourself by getting in touch with your representatives and expressing your concern ahead of discussions in Plenary. Our colleagues from VoxScientia provide you with the necessary tools in their call to action. We also encourage you to join the #SaveYourInternet campaign (more infromation available here).

Don't hesitate to get in touch with us for any questions.

 

 

Syrian experts attend workshop at the PAC Regional Centre for Asia

IFLA - Wed, 20/06/2018 - 14:04

The PAC Regional Centre for Asia at the National Diet Library (NDL) of Japan is one of the sixteen IFLA PAC Centres that are spread all over the globe. The PAC Centres have a wide range of expertise concerning preservation and conservation as well as safeguarding cultural heritage. The PAC Regional Centre for Asia is specialised in paper conservation and digitization, it was this expertise that was shared with experts from Syria.

Two experts from the Directorate-General of Antiquities and Museums, Ms. Razan al Jundi and Ms. Fatat Kamel Jadid were invited to the PAC Regional Centre for Asia in Japan for two weeks to participate in a Training Workshop for Preservation of Paper Cultural Heritage organized as a part of the Silk Road Friendship Project funded by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP).

The four-day workshop from May 22 to 25, 2018 was spent on learning the techniques for preserving paper documents and books. During the workshop, Ms. al Jundi and Ms. Jadid learned basic repair techniques for mending torn or damaged pages using Japanese paper as well as how to make protective enclosures.

The workshop was very successful and the PAC Regional Centre for Asia hope to be able invite and work with more experts from around the world.

You can read more about the workshop here.

Another translation of the Guidelines.

IFLA - Tue, 19/06/2018 - 17:22

Another translation of the Guidelines is available now: in Telugu. So far only in pdf format.

Telugu is the primary language in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and the union territory of Puducherry in India with 75 million native speakers at the 2001 census. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Telugu_language

EOSCpilot Workshop at the 47th LIBER Conference in Lille.

LIBER news - Tue, 19/06/2018 - 17:13

The EOSCpilot project is organising the pre-conference Workshop “Research Institutions and Libraries and the Role of Funders in the European Open Science Cloud” on July 4th (09:00 – 12:00), just a few hours before the LIBER Conference. The workshop’s purpose is to bring together research funding bodies, institutions and research libraries as key stakeholders of…

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The Making of RETRONEWS

LIBER news - Mon, 18/06/2018 - 13:56

This is a guest post from LIBER sponsor RetroNews; written by Nathalie Thouny and Étienne Manchette. To speed up the digitisation of the press and make press publications all the easier to access, BnF-Partenariats¹, the French National Library’s subsidiary in charge of advancing its digital legacy, has designed and developed, with the support of the…

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Nominate an extraordinary educator

IFLA - Mon, 18/06/2018 - 02:37

The International Literacy Association are looking for educators who are making an extraordinary impact in the lives of their students, as well as advocates of all kinds who are invested in our mission to advance literacy for all. Click here to nominate yourself or a fellow literacy leader.

Internet for People: IFLA signs onto joint letter to G20 Presidency

IFLA - Sun, 17/06/2018 - 13:38

IFLA has added its name to a letter to Mauricio Macri, President of Argentina and host of the G20 – a gathering of the governments of the world’s biggest economies. The letter sets out a number of areas where policy-makers should act to ensure the Internet works, first and foremost, for its users.

Over the past three decades, the Internet has become ever more central to the way we learn, research, create and communicate. As such, the importance of ensuring that it develops in a way that helps users achieve their goals grows. Libraries, with their long expertise in managing and giving access to information, and well-established values of service to users, can help.

IFLA has therefore long engaged in making the case for giving everyone access to the Internet – notably through public access schemes. We have also called for laws and practices that make this access as full and meaningful as possible.

It is welcome that this year’s G20 is looking at digital and Internet policy issues. Bringing together the biggest global players is important, given that individual national approaches run counter to the global nature of the net. It is a chance to commit to an Internet that works for people.

To make the most of this opportunity, IFLA and other like-minded organisations have signed a joint letter to Mauricio Macri, President of Argentina (the 2018 host of the G20). This establishes five areas where governments can act:

  • Meaningful Access: investment in affordable access and digital literacy programmes
  • Privacy and Data Protection: ensuring citizens have greater control over their own data
  • Freedom of Expression: promote and maintain an open Internet for everyone
  • Cybersecurity: develop cybersecurity tools that respect human rights
  • Increased competition: allow for innovation and protect consumers

IFLA Secretary-General Gerald Leitner said:

“As the Internet becomes ever more essential to the creation and sharing of information, we need to ensure that it works in a way that protects rights and promotes development. IFLA is proud to join the other signatories to this letter in setting out the way forwards”

IFLA encourages its members to use this letter in their own advocacy work, in order to make the case at all levels for an Internet that is truly focused on improving people’s lives.

 

 You can read the letter here. Find out more about what IFLA is doing on questions around the Information Society.

Internet for People: IFLA signs onto joint letter to G20 Presidency

IFLA - Sun, 17/06/2018 - 13:38

IFLA has added its name to a letter to Mauricio Macri, President of Argentina and host of the G20 – a gathering of the governments of the world’s biggest economies. The letter sets out a number of areas where policy-makers should act to ensure the Internet works, first and foremost, for its users.

Over the past three decades, the Internet has become ever more central to the way we learn, research, create and communicate. As such, the importance of ensuring that it develops in a way that helps users achieve their goals grows. Libraries, with their long expertise in managing and giving access to information, and well-established values of service to users, can help.

IFLA has therefore long engaged in making the case for giving everyone access to the Internet – notably through public access schemes. We have also called for laws and practices that make this access as full and meaningful as possible.

It is welcome that this year’s G20 is looking at digital and Internet policy issues. Bringing together the biggest global players is important, given that individual national approaches run counter to the global nature of the net. It is a chance to commit to an Internet that works for people.

To make the most of this opportunity, IFLA and other like-minded organisations have signed a joint letter to Mauricio Macri, President of Argentina (the 2018 host of the G20). This establishes five areas where governments can act:

  • Meaningful Access: investment in affordable access and digital literacy programmes
  • Privacy and Data Protection: ensuring citizens have greater control over their own data
  • Freedom of Expression: promote and maintain an open Internet for everyone
  • Cybersecurity: develop cybersecurity tools that respect human rights
  • Increased competition: allow for innovation and protect consumers

IFLA Secretary General Gerald Leitner said:

“As the Internet becomes ever more essential to the creation and sharing of information, we need to ensure that it works in a way that protects rights and promotes development. IFLA is proud to join the other signatories to this letter in setting out the way forwards”

IFLA encourages its members to use this letter in their own advocacy work, in order to make the case at all levels for an Internet that is truly focused on improving people’s lives.

 

You can read the letter here. Find out more about what IFLA is doing on questions around the Information Society.

JOB OPENING: Head of International Projects

LIBER news - Fri, 15/06/2018 - 15:19

LIBER is Europe’s largest research library network. Our network consists mainly of university, national and special libraries. Together we help libraries support world-class research. LIBER was founded in 1971 and is based in The Hague. In November 2017, LIBER launched its new Strategy for 2018-2022: Research Libraries, Powering Sustainable Knowledge in the Digital Age. To…

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On Track or Off the Rails? IFLA publishes an update current status of transposition of the Marrakesh Directive in Europe

IFLA - Thu, 14/06/2018 - 17:22

As States which have signed the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities meet in New York, IFLA is today publishing an update on what EU governments are doing to make the Marrakesh Treaty a reality in Europe.

The Marrakesh Treaty, signed in 2013, removes unnecessary barriers to the creation and sharing of books in formats that are accessible to people with print disabilities. Previously, copyright rules often forced libraries and users to seek permission or pay fees, and made cross-border exchanges of works almost impossible.

The European Union passed key legislation - Directive 2017/1564 and Regulation 2017/1563 – in September 2017, with a deadline for Member States to update their own laws of 11 October 2018. Ratification in Europe will mean that 28 more countries are covered by the Marrakesh Treaty, opening up access to collections in major world languages to people in other countries which have ratified.

Less than four months from this date, IFLA’s research shows where things stand in most Member States. We look in particular at whether Member States are trying to make libraries pay for the copying and sharing of physical and audiobooks, whether they face additional obligations, and whether people with dyslexia and other disabilities can benefit.

Overall, we see that relatively few states are taking up the possibility to provide for compensation payments. This is good news, given both the financial and bureaucratic burden this can represent.

However, more are demanding that libraries register as ‘authorised entities’, despite this being illegal under the Treaty, or demanding that they provide more paperwork than necessary. Moreover, not enough are taking advantage of reform to ensure that all people with disabilities benefit from Marrakesh provisions.

IFLA will continue to monitor national legislation over the coming months. We welcome questions.

You can read the full report in a word document (also in large print) and in a pdf.

See also our guide on Marrakesh transposition in Europe,  our pages on the Marrakesh Treaty, and keep up to date with the latest on what IFLA is doing on copyright issues.

 

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