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Open Session at WLIC 2019 - Keeping it Real while Augmenting Reality: the Impact of Technology and Equipment on Library Design 8.30am Wednesday 28th August, Session 205 (Lambrakis)

8 hours 15 min ago
Our exciting Open Session at WLIC 2019 Keeping it Real while Augmenting Reality: the Impact of Technology and Equipment on Library Design takes place at 8.30am on Wednesday 28th August, Session 205 in Lambrakis. Libraries use technology and equipment in creative ways to enhance the user experience, foster experimentation and innovation, create operational efficiencies, provide inclusive services and spaces, bridge any gap between the physical and digital, support effective service delivery, and more. This programme examines current and future roles of technology and equipment in positioning libraries to offer enhanced services, promoting change within their communities, the profession and society at large, and how these roles impact the built environment. Our programme seeks to stimulate ideas about new uses of older technologies and to examine methods and opportunities for using low and high-tech equipment to meet all budgets. The programme includes an exciting range of speakers from around the world . Join us at 8.30am on Wednesday 28th August for Session 205 in Lambrakis.

IFLA ARL Webinar 3 - Academic Libraries Engaging in Publishing

11 hours 42 min ago

Title:  Academic Libraries Engaging in Publishing: A Burgeoning Service Model in the Open Access Sphere

Presenters:  Presenters: Jody Bailey, Head of Scholarly Communications Office, Emory University Libraries, and Ted Polley, Social Sciences & Digital Publishing, IUPUI University Library

Bios: Jody Bailey is the Head of the Scholarly Communications Office at Emory University Libraries, where she leads a team of librarians and library specialists who are responsible for services surrounding copyright, open access and publishing, research data management, and open educational resources. The team also manages two scholarly repositories that publish works by Emory faculty and students. Jody is a member of the Board of Directors for the Library Publishing Coalition, and her scholarly interests include open-access publishing, open educational resources, user-centered library services, and outreach activities. She has published articles in peer-reviewed journals and presented at numerous conferences.

Ted Polley is the Social Sciences & Digital Publishing Librarian at IUPUI University Library, where he manages the Library’s digital publishing service. Currently, the Library hosts and provides support to 21 scholarly peer-reviewed journals, with plans to expand into open monograph publishing soon. Ted’s research interests include open access, library publishing, open data, and data visualization. He is active in the library publishing community and currently sits on the Board of the Library Publishing Coalition.

Date & Time: August 1, 2019 9:00 AM Eastern US time

Register in advance for this meeting

This webinar is free and open to the public. Please share this invitation openly.

Please register for the webinar here.

Series Organiser: Dr Reggie Raju 

Chair of ARL: Ms Mimi Calter 

This session is the third in a series of presentations on topics relevant to Academic & Research Libraries. 


From Buenos Aires to New York: Spreading the Message of Support for Libraries

16 hours 26 min ago

In its second event of the High Level Political Forum, IFLA, with the kind support of the Argentine Mission to the United Nations, held a discussion about how to extend the success of the Buenos Aires Declaration to more countries, and around the world: Information for Development: Delivering on the Buenos Aires Declaration.

On 22 May 2019, in Buenos Aires, ministers and their representatives from thirteen countries at the Forum of Ministers of Culture of Latin America and the Caribbean signed the Buenos Aires Declaration.

This underlined their commitment both to the Sustainable Development Goals, and to access to information as a means of achieving this. They also stressed the importance of libraries as partners for development, and promised to help them realise their potential in this this regards.

Finally, they emphasised their readiness to take the message of the Buenos Aires Declaration to the world, through the United Nations High Level Political Forum, where ministers and senior officials from around the world are discussing how best to ensure stronger, fairer and more sustainable growth.

Thanks to the Permanent Mission of Argentina to the United Nations, IFLA was proud to be able to hold a discussion on next steps.

Building Understanding, Building Impact

The Ambassador of Argentina, His Excellency Martin Garcia Moritán, opened by welcoming IFLA, and underlining his own commitment to access to information across borders. He looked forward to efforts to ensure people better valued and made use of information and culture, and stressed his support for libraries as key partners for doing this.

IFLA President Glòria Pérez-Salmerón then set out the connection between information and development, drawing on her own experience both from home, and throughout her time as President. Libraries had a unique role, she argued, in ensuring that we didn’t end up in a society of ‘knows’ and ‘know-nots’.

Executive Secretary of the Argentine National Council for Social Policies Gabriela Agosto reminded participants that libraries contributed in difference ways. Specialised libraries were essential for supporting decision making, while public libraries were key to the cultural dimension of the 2030 Agenda.

Coordinating Director of the Library of Congress of the Argentine Nation underlined his own library’s work to tackle exclusion and information poverty. He welcomed IFLA’s work in supporting its members in the region, and giving them the confidence and voice to advocate more effectively.

Finally, IFLA Secretary General Gerald Leitner reiterated the success if the Declaration, and urged those present to bring its messages to colleagues at the United Nations.

The Declaration, he stressed, should be a starting point, both for further action within the region, and for similar efforts elsewhere in the world.  

  Inclusion, Empowerment, Democracy

In the following debate, the consensus was clear around the role of libraries as pillars of democratic life. With a strong focus on including and enabling everyone, their missions were well in line with the goal of the 2030 Agenda to leave no-one behind.

There fact that Latin American and Caribbean countries were getting involved was particularly important. The good practice already on show in Argentina’s libraries offered a valuable example to others of how libraries could contribute to creating fairer societies. Argentina’s Voluntary National Review in 2020 offered a particularly strong opportunity to highlight this work.

​IFLA offers its thanks to the Permanent Mission of Argentina for its support, and looks forward to working with all member states to ensure the role of libraries in development is properly recognised and supported worldwide.

See more pictures of the event in our Flickr channel.

Knowledge Partners for Sustainable Development: IFLA Joins SDG 17 Event at United Nations

Thu, 18/07/2019 - 18:47

The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals place a strong emphasis on partnerships, within and across countries. These, the UN argues, are essential for spreading ideas, reducing inequalities within and across countries and improving the effectiveness of development policies.

Libraries are well suited to participate in and support these partnerships, as was made clear in an event held at the UN Library on 16 July during the High Level Political Forum 2019, Partnering for development - From global to local: the role of knowledge and libraries.

Global Information Partnerships

The entire 2030 Agenda, as agreed in 2015, is based on a growing understanding that the challenges the world faces are interlinked. Success in one area – such as education – tends to have positive impacts on another, while a failure to act – for example on climate change – puts everything else at risk.

This growing understanding is based on information, and the work of researchers and other experts around the world.

The need to continue and strengthen access to information across borders came out strongly as a theme in the first session of the event. Following an introduction by UN Library Chief Thanos Giannakopoulos, IFLA President Glòria Pérez-Salmerón reminded the audience of the importance of knowledge for development.

Citing all of the examples of positive contributions she had seen during her presidency, she underlined: ‘Libraries are already doing so much. But there are so many more lives we can improve, so much innovation to support, so much understanding to create. Work with us to make this a reality!'

In addition to the IFLA President, the audience heard a presentation of the Global Sustainable Development Report from Mr Shantanu Mukherjee in the United Nations Secretariat. The Report, the result of a collaboration between fifteen academics, underlines both what is possible when knowledge is shared, but also some of the challenges in doing so.

UN Library Chief Thanos Giannakopoulos also presented on the New York pledge, signed by libraries across different UN offices and agencies, and which looks to improve their ability to cooperate in support of efforts to deliver development.

From the Global to the Local

IFLA Secretary General Gerald Leitner opened the second part of the session, highlighting the specific role of libraries as partners for development.

Stressing IFLA’s own commitment to the Sustainable Development Goals, he set out the process that IFLA has followed to connect and engage libraries worldwide, and set out an invitation to all participants to work with libraries in order to go further in making progress.

As he underlined, 'Information is key for delivering the SDGs, and libraries provide the infrastructure to make it happen. This is our invitation: work with libraries, from the local to the global levels, to build partnerships for success'.

Finally, Zoubeida Bouallagui, an active participant in IFLA’s International Advocacy Programme (IAP), spoke, sharing examples from Tunisia. Having been energised and motivated by the SDGs, libraries in the country were combining their strengths with those of other organisations to provide better services to users.

She set out efforts both to build awareness of the SDGs, and to take practical steps, for example through developing coding skills, or enabling women in rural areas to sell their handicrafts online.

Going Forwards

With a strong understanding among participants of the potential of information to drive development, and the potential of libraries to form the basis of partnerships, the main question was what we can do next.

In response, and in closing, IFLA Secretary General Leitner echoed his call on everyone involved in the SDGs to reach out to libraries, and see how we can worth together to go further.

See a photo album with highlights of the event in our Flickr channel.

Now available: summary of UN Secretary-General’s High-level Panel Report on Digital Cooperation

Wed, 17/07/2019 - 15:58

The digital age is changing the way libraries work – transforming their collections, facilitating sharing of works, allowing them to offer completely new types of services, and more. That is why the way the internet and digital technology are governed concerns libraries – the current and emerging rules and practices will affect their everyday work.

In 2018, the UN Secretary-General launched a High-level Panel on Digital Cooperation – the first UN digital governance initiative of this scale. Following extensive multistakeholder consultations, the Panel issued a report in June 2019 outlining key issues and setting out recommendations on how to leverage global cooperation towards a more inclusive digital future.

Several messages and recommendations the report puts forward are directly relevant for libraries:
  • Meaningful access to digital infrastructure for marginalized populations is paramount. Many libraries offer internet access services to their users, often in areas with low internet penetration or high costs of connectivity. This function is especially important in light of the report’s recommendation. Each library can reflect on whether there are any further initiatives it could take to help marginalised communities in its area get online.
  • An idea of pooling together digital public goods – digital technologies and content freely available for people to use or adapt – is proposed. In the multistakeholder discussions that will follow, libraries can lend their expertise in information organisation and access, in order to ensure that tools are usable.
  • Education systems will need to adapt to prepare people for living and working in the digital age. These changes include teaching information literacy and soft skills, wider use of informal instruction and enabling lifelong learning. Libraries can take a proactive role and expand their educational initiatives to include these recommendations. This would help them position themselves as major partners in the changing education systems.
  • All participants of multistakeholder consultations on internet governance are invited to define their guiding values to develop a shared vision. This offers libraries an opportunity to get involved and promote the values they stand for – public access, intellectual freedom, equality and lifelong learning.


See the full summary of the report and its recommendations, highlighting points of particular interest for libraries:

[English – PDF]

You can read the IFLA contribution to the UN High Level Panel on Digital Cooperation. You can also view the sumbission made by the Partnership for Public Access, to which IFLA contributed.


Simplify, Unify, Diversify: an Interview with Jessica Want, New York Public Library

Tue, 16/07/2019 - 07:17

Alongside growing concern in the United States and Canada about the conditions imposed on libraries looking to lend eBooks, there are also efforts to reduce dependency on third party distributors by building 'library-controlled' platforms.

One such effort is Library Simplified, a collaboration between New York Public Library, the Digital Public Library of America (DPLA), and Lyrasis.

This, the hope is, will offer a better service both for readers and libraries. We interviewed Jessica Want, Director, Digital Products at New York Public Library, to find out more:


1. How significant is demand for eBooks in libraries in the US?

From a cross-reference of Nielsen, Library Journal, and Publishers Weekly PubTrack Digital, the ebook market in the US was over 250 million units per year as of the beginning of 2018.

There is, however, a lack of clarity on the precise number for two reasons. Firstly, statistics on independent publishers, aggregators, and self-publishing authors aren't gathered with specificity by any tracking service, and the major retailers do not provide public data on their ebook sales.

Secondly, while there are a lot of data indicating "ebook numbers are down,” the "downloaded audio" segment is rising dramatically (35% by one measure), indicating that these two metrics are gauged separately by a number of metrics providers. This shift from visual to audio would also explain why other market analysis models report a decline in the sale of dedicated eReaders - they're not great for audiobook use.


2. What’s wrong with the status quo?

Public libraries are constrained by limited options for licensing.  US libraries’ eBook services are often provided by 3rd party, commercial vendors who negotiate with publishers on the libraries' behalf.  The business models of these commercial vendors are often not aligned with, and sometimes even in opposition to, the needs of the library.  These vendors have also developed proprietary products that reside in our patrons pockets, through their individual apps, where they are capturing the patron’s attention, owning the relationship with the patron (rather than allowing the library to), and collecting the patrons' reading history and other personal data.  

The multitude of vendors has also created a very fractured user experience.  For each vendor there is a separate app for patrons to use - in the case of NYPL there are more than six.  This brings our patrons too close to the messiness of multiple-vendor eBook distribution that we've worked so hard for decades to eliminate. For example, we don't display the print books by publisher or distributor. The proliferation of commercial eReading apps imposes a confusing user experience, where they must learn multiple interfaces, remember multiple logins, agree to the different terms of the services and occasionally switch between specific hardware or additional technology. 

Distributors have also restricted libraries’ ability to work together as a unified profession. Libraries are obliged to negotiate separately with each of the vendors and publishers as disjointed individual institutions, rather than collaboratively as a sector. 

Commercial vendors and distributors are also primarily concerned with the sales of books, not with the actual reading of them.  We have come to discover that, on occasion, our vendors will push books to a patron's device without notifying them - or us - that they’ve received the book.  This checks-out the book for the patron, pushes it into their book queue without their notice, and charges the library for another read — all the while without confirmation that the patron; i) still wants the book; ii) will be aware that it has been sent to them; and most importantly, iii) has the opportunity to read it.

Similarly, the current experiences are designed to super-serve our highest-frequency readers.  The apps and distribution of eBooks do not allow for the flexibility to shift service options or to develop tactics to engage with lower-frequency readers. All in all, eReading experiences (or any other services provided by purely commercially-motivated 3rd parties, for that matter), that are not designed to fulfill the mission of the library, or that undermine the principles and values of the library, are never going to be optimized to support those patrons who are in greatest need of library services.


3. What will the nationwide platform do?

In short, as a shared nationwide platform, Library Simplified, will unify libraries as a sector to be able to: i) negotiate with vendors and, hopefully, publishers, ii) operate within a simpler, unified eBooks system; iii) re-establish a personal relationship with our own patrons; iv) reclaim ownership of the collections that they have paid for but are very much 'controlled' by the vendors; v) pay attention to those patrons with high or special needs, especially those with reading disabilities; and iv) develop a library-centric ‘eReading Room’, where our patrons can discover the pleasure of reading without constant distractions and 'upselling' or other promotions.


4. What does ‘library controlled’ mean in practice?

Libraries  - and, of course, librarians - live and work by a core set of values. In the US, public libraries are institutions that ensure free speech, protect patron privacy, remove barriers to, and promote, equality, ensure universal access to information, work to narrow the digital divide, avoid censorship, and ensure that a broad and diverse range of voices are represented.  We may not always appreciate quite how unique these freedoms are to the citizens of the United States of America and might sometimes take them for granted but very few nations today have such safeguards to democracy as are enshrined through these enduring institutions. A library-controlled experience ensures that those values are always the basis of the patron’s experience.  Libraries do not see patrons as a commodity but rather actively work against the commercially-motivated values of vendors and other organizations. Patrons of the Library are not ‘customers’.

The library-patron relationship is the underlying goal of the Library Simplified platform. By sharing this platform with other libraries across the whole of the US, this precious relationship will be placed back into the hands of their libraries, allowing them to make programmatic and engagement decisions to best serve all patrons - no longer just those who are of the most interest to 3rd parties.


5. What does each partner bring to the project?

Library Simplified is made up of three components, and thus, three opportunities for partnership.

Firstly, the reading experience: The New York Public Library has created an eReading app, SimplyE, that aggregates eBooks form the various vendors into one interface for patrons to access both eBooks and audiobooks.  It has a librarian administration component that puts libraries and librarians in control of which materials are promoted to their patrons.

Secondly, the eBooks: The DPLA Exchange is continuing to develop a ‘public library’ option for purchasing e-materials that is built in consultation, 'With Libraries For Libraries', and is working directly with publishers to develop new sources for diverse and inclusive reading materials. They will work collaboratively with publishers to explore new licensing models, as well as develop a completely free collection, which includes educational, contemporary, and historical books, available to all libraries who adopt SimplyE to integrate into, or augment, their own collections. The collection is also completely free and fully accessible to readers anywhere in the US who install the SimplyE app, even without a Library Card.

Finally, the Systems Integration and Support: For those libraries that cannot implement and maintain the technologies for themselves, there are a small number of not-for-profit specialists (including LYRASIS, AMIGOS and CALIFA), who are there to help onboard and set-up those who are interested in using Library Simplified and SimplyE.  These Service Providers also offer very low-cost front-line service support for libraries. They all offer Software License Agreements (SLAs) and contracts that offer technical support for the duration of that contract so that the library has software experts to call, at any time of day, should their patrons experience any issues. In this way the entire platform is not just comprehensive in its program offerings, but in its support of all public libraries as well. 


6. What changes do you expect to see in the availability of (non-openly licensed) books?

Libraries are at risk of not having access to front-list or popular titles immediately, or being subjected to prohibitively expensive licenses that will limit the availability of titles (particularly popular titles) to patrons. The opportunity to negotiate as a sector, rather than as individual libraries, and by being able to promote a library-centric perspective, will allow public libraries to speak collectively in order to redefine licensing terms, and be recognized for the way we add, rather than reduce, long-term value to the publishing industries.


7. What difference will readers see?

Patrons will have access to a greater number, and greater range, of books, both those offered for free through the DPLA Exchange, as well as those licensed through commercial vendors.  Libraries will be able to negotiate for better terms with publishers so that the cost of each license can be optimized, in particular for front-list books.

Progress on Exceptions and Limitations to Copyright in Latin America and the Caribbean

Mon, 15/07/2019 - 07:25

​The third and final WIPO regional seminar on exceptions and limitations took place in Santo Domingo on 4-5 July. It looked into the copyright rules that define whether libraries, archives, museums, and education and research institutions in Latin America and the Caribbean can do their jobs. IFLA was there to promote the need for international action.

Over the past ten years, IFLA has engaged closely at the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) in order to make the case for action on copyright rules for libraries. We have underlined the unique potential of WIPO not only in setting an example for governments worldwide, but also in making it possible for libraries to work across borders.

As part of this process, WIPO’s Member States agreed to hold three regional seminars in order to hear about the situation on the ground, in order to inform its discussions.

The third of these seminars took place on 4-5 July in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. Just like those previously in Singapore and Nairobi, it had the mission to analyse the challenges facing libraries and other institutions in Latin America and the Caribbean, and to explore possible areas for action. It will feed into an international conference on exceptions and limitations in October in Geneva.

The seminar brought together representatives from 17 countries, as well as WIPO officials, and representatives of libraries, archives, museums, education and research institutions, collective management organisations and publishers – you can download the provisional list of participants.


Underlining What Libraries Need

The event started with a set of expert presentations, followed an afternoon and a morning of workshop discussions and concluded with a report back to the group as a whole.

The four experts chosen by WIPO summarised the conclusions of studies carries out for WIPO, and underlined some of the challenges faced by libraries, archives, museums, education and research institutions.

Professor Kenneth Crews in particular presented his typology study (see the infographic summarising it in English and in Spanish), which makes the clear the failings in current legislation. Six countries out of the 33 in the region have no exceptions at all for libraries, and even when exceptions exist, they are often not adapted to the digital world.

In subsequent discussions with Member States on three different tables, government representatives explored these issues. Observers, including IFLA, were given the opportunity to make short points, and thanks to excellent participation from local representatives, could highlight many examples of where neither licensing nor current laws cold offer a solution to their needs. For example, in the Dominican Republic, academic libraries cannot make preservation copies under an exception.

Nonetheless, it is clear that there is a strong lobby claiming that further development of collecting societies would resolve all situations. This is a misleading argument. It confuses the legitimate role of representative and well-governed collecting societies in ensuring that authors are paid for significant uses of their works, with the harm that comes from making minor and public interest uses of books and other materials subject to payment. 


Support for Action

We are happy to say that in two of the three tables, the importance of international action on exceptions and limitations to copyright at WIPO was highlighted, with Ecuador, Paraguay, Uruguay and Cuba speaking up. Others were clear in recognising the need for action to support libraries and other institutions.

Our focus now turns to the global conference due to take place in October. It is clear that more work will be necessary in order to ensure that governments understand the necessity of progress at the international level. This is indispensable if librarians are to be able to do their jobs without fear or uncertainty. Business as usual is not enough.

We hope that the October conference will offer a meaningful platform to set out the needs of libraries, and to build momentum for action.

With all three regional seminars making it clear that something needs to happen, it is time for WIPO to step up and do the right thing for the users of libraries, archives and museums, as well as learners and researchers globally.

IFLA would like to thank Alicia Ocaso, Micdonia Quirós, Eloísa Marrero, Amarilís Beltré, Lucero Arboleda, Giovanna Riggio, Dulce María Núñez, Izaskun Herrojo, Sharon Alexander-Gooding, Luisa de Peña, Laura Pérez and Marisol Floren for their support and the great work done before and throughout the regional seminar.

Informed, Empowered, Equal: IFLA to Underline Libraries’ Contribution to Better Societies at UN HLPF 2019

Wed, 10/07/2019 - 05:24

The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (UN SDGs) provide a global roadmap towards lasting and equitable growth. The annual High-Level Political Forum is the opportunity to measure progress, and share ideas for achieving them. IFLA is there, underlining what libraries can do.

On 9-18 July 2019, ministers, officials, experts, civil society and private sector representatives are meeting in New York at the High-Level Political Forum to discuss progress towards achieving the SDGs.

The SDGs themselves offer a comprehensive view of what it will take to create fairer, richer societies, now and into the future. They underline both that success requires progress on all fronts, and that governments need to pay attention to cross-cutting drivers of development.

Information is one such driver, and access to it, including the skills to use it, is included twenty times across the SDG framework, more or less explicitly.

Libraries, of course, are essential partners for governments in delivering this. This is the message that IFLA’s representatives will be bringing to those present. 

Where We’ll be Active

IFLA will be using all opportunities to highlight the work of libraries, and to establish contacts to help our members. Official sessions and side events with a wide variety of high-profile speakers offer a good opportunity to do this.

In addition, two specific events about libraries will highlight the particular role of our institutions.

A first, co-hosted with the UN Dag Hammarskjold Library, focuses on partnerships, the subject of SDG17.

Libraries are key nodes in knowledge partnerships, facilitating cooperation and sharing across borders. But they are also practical partners on the ground, working with government and others to deliver progress. Find out more on our event page.

A second, co-hosted with the Permanent Mission of Argentina, follows up from the successful agreement of the Buenos Aires Declaration on 22 May in the context of the Forum of Ministers of Culture of Latin America and the Caribbean.

The Declaration underlines the commitment of governments in the region to libraries and information, and the event will look at how to realise its impact. Find out more on our event page

Interested in following the HLPF? Watch the livestreaming through the UN Web TV, and use the hashtags: #HLPF and #HLPF2019 in social media.

Read our blog to learn more about libraries at the High Level Political Forum. Follow our updates on Facebook and Twitter @IFLA@IFLA_Lib4Dev, and stay tuned by using the #Lib4Dev and #DA2I hashtags.

Now available: IFLA Annual Report 2018

Mon, 08/07/2019 - 04:00

Read all about what IFLA achieved in 2018!

Each year, IFLA Headquarters compiles its Annual Report which provides a comprehensive overview on our activities throughout the preceding year.

The report gives IFLA Members and other interested parties full and transparent details on our activities, achievements and financial performance.

Download/view the full report:

IFLA WLIC 2019 preconference satellite meeting on Data Intelligence in libraries

Sun, 07/07/2019 - 18:05

This is a call for participants to register and attend the Big Data SIG satellite meeting on "Data Intelligence in Libraries: the Actual and Artificial perspectives", on 22 & 23 August 2019 at the Deutsche Nationalbibliothek, Frankfurt, Germany.

IFLA WLIC 2019 pre-conference satellite meeting

Deutsche Nationalbibliothek, Frankfurt

22 – 23 August 2019

See: satellite meeting website

Registration fee: €60

The ability to derive insight and intelligence from data is an important requirement for all organisations operating in a data-intensive environment, none more so than in libraries.

The IFLA WLIC 2019 Big Data SIG preconference satellite meeting investigates the underlying considerations for administering scholarly, scientific and operations data in libraries.  It does so from the perspective of the human agent – the library professional and library user – and from that what the artificial agent needs to infer and learn from data:

  • the requirement for timely and insightful management information derived from library data generated by the use of online resources and library services;
  • the skills required by the information professional to derive insight from data, as well as the skills and techniques needed to use, wrangle and visualize data;
  • the infrastructures, frameworks and applications on which data gathering, cleaning, analysis and visualization is done;
  • the dependency of machine agents on reputable and curated scholarly data to derive intelligence from it through a process of knowledge engineering, and the role of libraries in making such data findable and available (open, linked and liberated);
  • the professional issues of data librarianship in transforming library collections into rich sources of scientific data.

Please join us in discussing these topics on 22 & 23 August 2019 at the German National Library in Frankfurt. For more information, and to register, please visit the satellite meeting website.

Survey of LGBTIQ+[1] Library Resources and Services

Sun, 07/07/2019 - 04:23

Do You Have Pride in Your Library?

The IFLA LGBTQ Users Special Interest Group is collecting information from libraries around the world on the LGBTQ+ resources, services, spaces, programming, and employee support that they may provide.

Responses that your library provides will help the IFLA LGBTQ+ Special Interest Group develop international guidelines for LGBTQ+ library resources, services, spaces, programming, and employee support.

This survey is available in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, German, Italian, Russian, Spanish, and Turkish. Select the language of your choice in the upper right hand corner of the survey introduction.

Find out more and take the survey

In early July Philip Calvert will be retiring from his position at the School of Information Management at Victoria University of Wellington.

Wed, 03/07/2019 - 10:59

A notice from Dr Brenda Chawner, FLIANZA is forwarding.

In early July Philip Calvert will be retiring from his position at the School of Information Management at Victoria University of Wellington. I’d like to take this opportunity to acknowledge the significant contribution he has made to library and information studies education in New Zealand.

Philip joined what was then the Department of Librarianship in 1990. He was one of the people who introduced distance education to the postgraduate Diploma of Library and Information Studies in 1992, and has been a strong advocate for research-led practice in the profession. Philip’s teaching and research have focused on library management and the effectiveness of library services; more recently he has also examined secondary school librarianship and information services to those with impairments. In 2017 Philip was awarded a LIANZA Fellowship that acknowledged his outstanding contribution to the library profession in New Zealand, as well as his international influence and impact.

Philip has been a supportive colleague and supervisor, and we wish him well for the future. He will be returning to the School in November to teach INFO 542 Management of Library Services during the summer trimester, allowing us to continue to benefit from his experience and knowledge.

Dr Brenda Chawner, FLIANZA
Senior Lecturer
School of Information Management
Victoria University of Wellington
P O Box 600, Wellington NEW ZEALAND


Information Coordinator
IFLA Regional Standing Committee Asia & Oceania (RSCAO)


IFLA Metropolitan Libraries Short Film Award 2019. The winner is...

Fri, 28/06/2019 - 18:04

Thanks to those who attended the 51st IFLA MetLib Conference, May 8-10, in Helsinki, Finland: good practices from 10 cities, Eric Klinenberg as keynote speaker, 5 top-class library visits, including Oodi, and the exchange of ideas with old and new colleagues.

On May 10, the participants of the Conference watched a selection of videos submitted to the contest A Corto di Libri and voted for the following one as winner of the 2019 IFLA Metropolitan Short Film Award:

Why these Finnish libraries are the best in the world - Espoo, Finland

The ceremony will take place on August 27, during the World Library and Information Congress in Athens, and the selected short films will be screened in one off-site event (to be confirmed).

Now available: IFLA WLIC 2019 Convening Notice & proxy forms for IFLA General Assembly in Athens, Greece

Fri, 28/06/2019 - 13:55

The Governing Board of IFLA has pleasure in submitting this Convening Notice of the General Assembly meeting in Athens, Greece.

The IFLA General Assembly meetings will take place on 28 & 29 August 2019. 

Please see the IFLA WLIC 2019 Convening Notice webpage for complete details.

The IFLA Metadata Newsletter June 2019 issue is published

Fri, 28/06/2019 - 05:40

The IFLA Metadata Newsletter vol. 5. no. 1, June 2019 is a cooperation between the Bibliography Section, the Cataloguing Section and the Subject Analysis and Access Section. In this issue you will find information about metadata events at WLIC 2019 in Athens and satellite meetings, reports from recent meetings, standards updates and news from countries around the world.

IFLA WLIC 2019 General Assembly Agenda

Fri, 28/06/2019 - 04:00

IFLA is pleased to announce that the 2019 General Assembly* will be held during the IFLA World Library and Information Congress 2019, 85th IFLA General Conference and Assembly, at the Megaron Athens International Conference Centre in Athens, Greece.

Wednesday, 28 August 2019, 16.15–18.00
  1. Opening by the President, Glòria Pérez-Salmerón
  2. Appointment of Tellers
  3. Establishment of a Quorum
  4. Adoption of the Agenda
  5. Minutes of the previous meeting, held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 28 and 29 August 2018
  6. In memoriam of those members who have died during the past year
  7. Presentation of the Report of the President
  8. Presentation of IFLA’s Annual Report by the Secretary General
  9. Presentation of the Annual Accounts by the Treasurer
  10. Formal announcement of the Results of the Postal Ballot for the Election of President-elect and for places on the Governing Board by the Secretary General
  11. Motions and Resolutions
    11.1 Motion to approve the holding of the next General Assembly in August 2020
    (Art 8.2 of the Statutes refers)
    11.2 Motion to approve Membership fees 2019-2021
    11.3 Motion to hold the election of the 10th member of the Governing Board
  12. Motion to adjourn and reconvene at 16.15 on Thursday, 29 August 2019
Thursday, 29 August 2019, 16.15–17.30
  1. Closing Session
  • Address by the President Glòria Pérez-Salmerón
  • Presentation of Awards
  • Thanks to the outgoing Governing Board
  • Introduction of the new Governing Board
  • Announcement of WLIC 2021 location
  • Vote of thanks WLIC 2019
  • Invitation to WLIC 2020
  • Address by incoming President Christine Mackenzie
  • Close of the Assembly

*For details on the conduct of the General Assembly, please refer to the IFLA Statutes, Article 9 Convening of General Assemblies.

Outcomes of the second WIPO regional seminar: #Copyright4Libraries in the African Region

Thu, 27/06/2019 - 13:48

By Denise Nicholson, CLM Expert Advisor

African countries have very different copyright laws, all at various stages of development and/or review. Some countries have very outdated copyright laws, whilst others have amended their copyright laws more recently, or are in the process of reviewing them, for example, Kenya and South Africa.

At the international and even regional levels, African countries have not taken into account the needs of libraries, archives, and education and research institutions in the past. Their laws often do not facilitate access or enable librarians and archivists to carry out their mandated responsibilities and functions. This is one of the reasons why the Africa Group proposed a Treaty on Limitations and Exceptions for Education and Research, Libraries and Archives and People with Disabilities in 2011. Although this proposal still forms part of the World Intellectual Property Organisation's (WIPO) Standing Committee on Copyright and Related Rights (SCCR) documentation for consideration, little or no progress has been made on it to date. 

African librarians and others representing the educational, library, archival and museum communities hoped they would find some progress and/or solutions when they attended the second of three WIPO regional seminar in Nairobi, Kenya 12-13 June 2019. These seminars form part of an action plan agreed upon by member states at the 36th session of the SCCR in Geneva. 

The theme of the Kenya workshop was to focus on the copyright challenges of libraries, archives and museums, as well as education and research, and to find solutions, especially to address digital issues and cross-border exchange of information. The meeting was chaired by Sylvie Forbin, Deputy Director General of WIPO, and the plenary session speakers were Professor Yaniv Benhamou, Professor Kenneth Crews, Professor David Sutton and Professor Raquel Xalabarder. Part of the 2-day workshop was dedicated to Challenges and Opportunities, which were discussed by member states and other participants in three parallel working groups, set up according to countries and languages (English and French).  

IFLA was represented at the meeting by Hala Essalmawi (Egypt) and Denise Nicholson (South Africa) whilst Jonathan Band (US) represented IFLA and ICA. Teresa Hackett represented EIFL, Teresa Nobre (Portugal) represented Communia and Pedi Anawi (Ghana) represented Education International. Razia Saleh, a senior archivist, represented the Nelson Mandela Foundation in South Africa. A number of teacher unions were also represented from South Africa, Ghana and Kenya. 

Together with the abovementioned representatives, librarians from a number of African countries played a crucial role in presenting examples of the responsibilities and functions of libraries and archives, and the daily challenges that they face because of inadequate copyright laws. They highlighted the lack of adequate or appropriate copyright limitations and exceptions for libraries and archives, as well as education and research, in their national legislation. Suggestions to address cross-border sharing of knowledge, as well as digitisation and preservation through an international instrument were offered as solutions by a number of library and education participants in their working groups. While some member states took note of this possible way forwards, others dismissed in favour of licensing or national interventions rather than international solutions. To that, observers pointed out that the option of licensing, promoted by many rights-owners present, is limited, expensive and does not address their needs or enable them to carry out their statutory mandates effectively.  

Whilst some member state officials supported an international instrument as a workable solution, others felt that national laws could be improved by states with inadequate or outdated legislation without international guidance. No clear solutions or consensus on the way forward for the African region was achieved with regard to the above challenges raised by representatives from libraries, archives, and museums, and educational and research institutions, but the exchange of intelligence will provide guidance for the next steps. 

The Next Steps

The results of these discussions at Kenya will be included in a report that includes the results of the meeting held in Singapore (29-30 Apil 2019), and the forthcoming meeting in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic (4-5 July 2019).  The final comprehensive report will form part of the discussions at the WIPO Global Conference in Geneva in October 2019, and will advise the WIPO SCCR on possible future action. IFLA, ICA, Communia and Education International and other related organisations will be attending the conference and all subsequent meetings of SCCR to continue to find a workable solution for libraries, archives, museums, education and research.

The IFLA Metadata Newsletter June 2019 issue is published

Thu, 27/06/2019 - 12:58

The IFLA Metadata Newsletter vol. 5. no. 1, June 2019 is a cooperation between the Bibliography Section, The Cataloguing Section and the Subject Analysis and Access Section.

In this issue, you will find information about WLIC 2019 in Athens and satellite meetings, reports from recent meetings, standards and news from countries around the world.

PAC Centres developing new capacity building efforts

Wed, 26/06/2019 - 12:41

IFLA’s Preservation and Conservation Centres play a valuable role in IFLA’s work to safeguard cultural heritage. By bringing together experience and expertise from all over the globe, they form a powerful network. The PAC Centres are currently working to strengthen the collaboration further, to the benefit of the whole global library field.

A Global Network

Since the creation of the Programme in 1984, the PAC Centres have represented a unique part of IFLA. They form a global network – with members on five continents – working to promote cooperation and excellence in the preservation of library materials. They are core to the work of IFLA’s Strategic Programme on Preservation and Conservation (PAC) and persist knowledge in areas such as digital preservation, disaster risk management, traditional preservation and conservation and more.

The PAC Centres participate in international conferences and meetings, engage with international stakeholders such as UNESCO and Blue Shield, and host training and workshops.

Knowledge sharing as a main effort

The many PAC Centres have shown a leadership in the field both regionally and internationally, and are continuously aiming to provide capacity building for libraries and others.

The Centres are currently working on a FAQ Sheet that reflects the knowledge and expertise of the PAC Centres. The FAQ Sheet aims to build collaborations between the centres and support both the sharing of best practices and the development of guidance within the field.

For the FAQ Sheet, each PAC Centre has chosen one or more topics that reflects the PAC Centre’s expertise and knowledge. From the topic chosen, the Centres have produced a dozen simple questions and best practices answers for libraries in the region and around the globe. The Sheet also includes an extensive literature list and information on how to learn more.

Areas of expertise and topics that are covered in the FAQ Sheet are How to do efficient preventive conservation in your climate, document storage mode, paper conservation, risk management and preventive conservation and many more!

Though the FAQ Sheet is still under development, we would love to share some examples of what the PAC Centres have in store for you.

Below are a few examples of the many questions and answers that you will find in the PAC FAQ Sheet.

Choosing Storage Material

Are any commercial products okay to use?

Storage materials for general library collection should be lignin-free, sulphur-free, alkaline buffered, and have a high cellulosic content. Archival-quality enclosures include boxes, envelopes, and folders are available commercially in a range of shapes and sizes.

Iron Gall Ink

What materials and collections contain iron gall ink?

Iron gall ink was used to create a myriad of written and artistic works. Before the introduction of the printing press in Europe, manuscripts in all academic disciplines were written with iron gall ink. It was used by governments and businessmen for official records and to create personal letters, diaries, and ephemera.  Maps were drawn with it, and European artists used it for preliminary and finished sketches. In addition, iron gall ink documents were produced to further European commercial and imperial interests in Africa, Asia, the Americas and Oceania. As a result documents, manuscripts, maps and art works are found in libraries, archives and museums around the world.

Risk Management

Isn’t risk defined as consequences x likelihood?

Well not really. This definition is used sometimes but it is a bit misleading and does not help you to understand the risk. When identifying risks it is important to have a really good understanding of their source and what they might result in, for example “risk of fading and colour change due to exposure to UV radiation and high lighting levels”. This can help you determine the severity of the impact (consequences) and the likelihood of it occurring in the specific instance you are looking at, and then how you might treat that risk in a cost-effective way.

Determining the severity of the impact (consequences) and the likelihood of the risk being realised is the most common form of risk analysis. Consequences x likelihood can give you a risk rating which helps you to determine the priority of treating a risk as compared to others you have identified and analysed. This is vital for planning.

Meet the PAC Centres at World Library and Information Congress in Athens and learn more about the upcoming work and the capacity building efforts.

Join the Movement: IFLA Shares Plans, Invites Engagement in Delivering the Global Vision at ALA Annual

Tue, 25/06/2019 - 10:17

IFLA’s President Glòria Pérez-Salmerón and Secretary General Gerald Leitner are participating in the 2019 American Library Association Annual Conference, held in Washington DC.

In preparation for the launch of a new IFLA Strategy, they are inviting American library and information workers to engage in IFLA’s effort to build a strong and united global library field.

The upcoming Strategy is the result of a uniquely inclusive process, with over 30 000 people contributing their ideas. This is leading to a new type of strategy for IFLA, focusing on inspiring, engaging, enabling and connecting the field.

It is not only a framework for the actions of IFLA’s sections and headquarters, but also an offer to libraries and library associations everywhere, allowing for greater alignment and effectiveness in support of the field and the people it serves, and a stronger global voice.  

​The success of the strategy will depend on all library and information workers taking action, and raising their voices. With so many great ideas, initiatives and energy in the United States, the American library field has an indispensable role to play. 

IFLA looks forwards to working with libraries globally to make a reality of the vision of a strong and united library field powering literate, informed and participatory societies.