უცხოეთის ბიბლიოთეკების ამბები

“From Behind the Bars - To an Enriched World": Prison Library Development Project in Sri Lanka

IFLA - ხუთ, 25/07/2019 - 05:36

Prison Library service is a neglected area in Sri Lanka which needs more attention, resources and planned development. Though there are thousands of inmates from all strata of society in prisons in Sri Lanka, providing them with quality library and information service remains a distant dream. The main purpose of these institutions is to rehabilitate these people and send them back to society as quality citizen.

Through a Prison Library Development Project (i.e. Development of a ‘model’ prison library at the Welikada Prison), the Special Committee on Prison Libraries of Sri Lanka Library Association and the Friends of the National Library of Sri Lanka, laid the foundation for a quality library and information services for the prisons in Sri Lanka.

We believe that having a proper library service in place would be ‘the need of the hour’ to reduce the high level of recidivism which is currently at 57%.

What are Our Goals?

The goals for a quality library and information services for the prisons in Sri Lanka are to:

  • prepare inmates for re-entry into society as law abiding quality citizens - i.e. for a Re-entry as a Better Person
  • reduce recidivism - by improving prisoners’ knowledge, skills and attitudes
  • increase inmates’ use of time in an effective manner

How do we do this?

  • Initiation of a ‘Prison Library Development Project’ with Friends of Sri Lanka National Library:
    • collection and other resources development
    • conduct of programmes and workshops to improve literacy and artistic and literary skills
    • provide a network of volunteer librarians to serve in Prison libraries
    • translation of relevant literature such as IFLA Prison Library Guidelines and ALA’s Library Standards for Correctional Institutes
  • Appointment of a ‘Special Committee on Prison Library Services’ – Sri Lanka Library Association to:
    • formulate guidelines for prison libraries
    • set up a model prison library at the main prison
    • formulate of Standards for prison Libraries

What have we done?

  • Collected more than 5,000 books through two ‘book drives’
  • Translated IFLA Prison Library Guidelines into Sinhala
  • Arranged author visits to discuss on books
  • Conducted workshops to enhance creative writing skills of inmates
  • Allowed inmates to showcase their musical/dancing talents at programmes and workshops

 What’s next

  • Introduce mobile library services and inter library loans through partnerships
  • Market the guidelines through all possible means and seek endorsement by an appropriate prison authority
  • Develop a model library at the Welikada prison for female inmates
  • Translate ALA Library Standards for Correctional Institutes
  • Formulate standards for prison libraries and obtain the endorsement

What are our challenges?

  • Approach tackling the rigid/regimental attitude of prison officers and higher authorities towards making changes
  • Lack of funds
  • Dependence on volunteers
  • Unstable political situation and unhealthy economic situation in the country

Dr Premila Gamage and Padma Bandaranayake made a poster presentation on the project during the Global Solutions Poster Session at the 2019 ALA Annual Conference in Washington, DC. The poster displayed the work carried out and services offered so far, how it has impacted on inmates, challenges faced and future plans.

We appreciate any assistance towards the development of prison libraries in Sri Lanka. If you would like to become a part of this valuable project, please contact - Premila Gamage - premilagamage@gmail.com.

Open science included in new Serbian law

EIFL news and events - ოთხ, 24/07/2019 - 16:15

The Serbian government has passed a new law on science and research that recognizes open science as a fundamental principle of science and research.

The new Law on Science and Research, passed on 8 July 2019, confirms Serbia’s commitment to open science. It comes just a year after the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development (MESTD), the main national funder of research in Serbia, adopted a national open science policy, the Platform for Open Science, mandating open science to all publicly funded research.

Now available: summary of Mozilla's 2019 Internet Health Report

IFLA - ოთხ, 24/07/2019 - 14:22

How can the latest digital trends affect the everyday work of libraries?

The 2019 Mozilla Internet Health Report highlights the biggest challenges and opportunities to create a healthier internet. The report is an invitation to reflect and make choices which could contribute to a better digital society.

As librarians go through the text, they have a chance to reflect on different aspects of their work in light of the issues highlighted in this report:

  • Artificial Intelligence will have more and more impact on their patrons’ lives. Can libraries contribute to initiatives aiming to improve public understanding of AI and help their communities make informed choices?
  • Do services your library uses feature digital advertisements? Given the flaws of the digital advertisement economy today, there are many ethical ramifications to consider.
  • Public procurement can be a powerful way to shape the role of technology in public spaces. Public libraries may have the chance to make critical design choices and opt for technology which promotes inclusivity, civil rights, fairness and diversity. Are they doing this?
  • Online privacy and security are the focus of many ongoing debates. These issues call for critical reflection about the data libraries hold about their patrons. Anonymity is another important consideration - how can and should libraries protect the privacy and anonymity of their patrons’ online behaviour – for instance, by routinely erasing their browsing history?
  • The digital exclusion statistics highlight how crucial it is for libraries to offer internet access in areas with little penetration or affordability. It is important to extend efforts to offer connectivity to the most vulnerable and marginalised members of their communities. How can this be done?
  • Taxes on specific types of internet uses can become a barrier to libraries offering public internet access. Are libraries being active enough in advocating against such charges?
  • What kind of web literacy do people need today? The report mentions the skills necessary to know what data is collected about them, understand and deal with bias and harassment online, awareness of the harms of oversharing information about children, and much more. What are libraries doing to help their patrons develop those skills, and can they be more proactive?
  • Alongside other anchor institutions, libraries can support the development of local networks, rather than just relying on major telecommunications companies. They can find different ways to share their Internet connection with communities near them. This would help build a more resilient connectivity fit for local circumstances. How can libraries do more in this regard?

See the full summary of the report and highlighted points of interest for libraries:

[English - PDF]

Open Science Fair

EIFL news and events - სამ, 23/07/2019 - 13:21

The second Open Science Fair, under the banner ‘Synergies for Sustainable, Open & Responsible Research’, is to take place at the University of Minho in Porto, Portugal.

The fair is a joint initiative of the European Union projects OpenAIRE, FIT4RRI, the EOSC Secretariat and FAIRsFAIR. It will showcase the elements required for the transition to open science: e-infrastructures and services, policies as guidance for good practices, research flows and new types of activities (disseminate, mine, review, assess, etc.). 

Support for Libraries as Drivers of Development Grows at United Nations

IFLA - სამ, 23/07/2019 - 10:33

At the 2019 High Level Political Forum, governments, UN officials and civil society representatives heard about the ways in which libraries can deliver the Sustainable Development Goals. Through two side-events, participation in a Voluntary National Review, and interventions in other sessions, IFLA’s team, including the President and Secretary-General, spoke up for our institutions.  

The United Nations High-Level Political Forum is the key annual event around the Sustainable Development Goals. It is a time for reviewing progress – both at the global and the national levels – and hearing about great ideas to accelerate change.

The need for such ideas is clear. As was underlined by the United Nations Secretary-General as well as many other speakers, nearly a quarter of the way into the 2030 Agenda, the world risks falling behind its goals.

As in previous years, there was a particular focus on a sub-set of SDGs – 4 (education), 8 (employment), 10 (inequality), 13 (climate action), 16 (peace, justice and strong institutions) and 17 (partnerships for development). Discussions on each of these highlighted the need for more action from government and other actors in order to ensure that all benefit from the best possible policies.

IFLA’s engagement strongly emphasised how libraries could support progress towards all of these goals, based on the 2019 Development and Access to Information report.

From providing a complement to schools and government services at the local level to providing the information necessary for better decision-making at the national and global levels, libraries are key partners.

In each session, there was welcome recognition from officials and experts of the importance of access to information in the success of policies.

 

Taking the Stage

In order to focus attention on the role of libraries, IFLA organised two side events. A first, held at the UN Library, looked at the role of information partnerships, and how through these, libraries could be motors of change.

Following an opening by Glòria Pérez-Salmerón, Shantanu Mukherjee from the UN Secretariat presented the UN’s Global Sustainable Development Report – the result of such a partnership – which will be published in time for discussions on sustainable development at the General Assembly in September.

Similarly, the UN Library itself was working with other libraries in the UN system to share knowledge, and so better support the work of the Secretariat in delivering reforms.

The following part of the session, launched by IFLA Secretary-General Gerald Leitner, looked at the work of libraries at the local level, with examples from Tunisia provided by IFLA representative Zoubeida Bouallagui.

A second event at the Argentine Mission to the United Nations looked more at the success of the Buenos Aires Declaration in May, and reflected on how to follow up on this in New York and around the world.

Participants agreed strongly on the vital role of libraries, from core functions of supporting reading, culture and research to newer services to the community. IFLA is grateful to the Permanent Mission of Argentina for hosting us, and to the Library of Congress of the Argentine Nation for its help in setting this event up.

Finally, in a first for libraries, IFLA’s representative Zoubeida Bouallagui joined the Tunisian delegation on stage during the country’s Voluntary National Review. This process allows countries to report on their progress – including their engagement with civil society – and take questions from other governments and NGOs.

The presentation highlighted a number of issues where libraries are active, and questions from the floor raised a specific point about how libraries are helping to boost literacy in rural areas. We hope this will provide a model for other countries, alongside others, such as Chile, which included libraries in their national reports.

Looking Ahead

Discussions will take place in September around the format of the High Level Political Forum, and how it can best support the goals of the 2030 Agenda. IFLA will follow these debates closely, and continue to engage with contacts across the UN system, Member States and civil society in order to ensure libraries are fully able to contribute.

 

Read more about IFLA's work on libraries and development.

Webinar: Digital Humanities

EIFL news and events - ორშ, 22/07/2019 - 18:38

We are inviting librarians and researchers to take part in a webinar about digital humanities - a new way of doing scholarship that involves collaborative, transdisciplinary, and computationally engaged research, teaching, and publishing. The webinar is jointly organized by EIFL, Global Outlook::Digital Humanities and Programming Historian.

Ideas for building the ‘next’ libraries for Africa

EIFL news and events - ორშ, 22/07/2019 - 13:33

In May 2019, six young African public librarians travelled to Denmark to take part in an intensive week-long learning, knowledge-sharing and networking experience that included participation in the Next Library 2019 conference in Aarhus (2 - 4 June), which was attended by over 400 people from 44 countries. The six young librarians, from Ghana, Kenya, Namibia and Zambia, were participants in the EIFL Initiative for Young African Library Innovators (IYALI) 2019 programme.

SET Programs at WLIC in Athens Greece

IFLA - კვი, 21/07/2019 - 22:45

Session 234  LIS Education Role in Libraries Dialogue: Changes Start Here - Wednesday, August 28, 2019 13:45 - 15:45 held in Trianti.  
Education and Training (SI) There is an increasing awareness about the prospective and important role of LIS education in directing LIS professional through the changing trends in a rapidly evolving information society. Implementing powerful learning strategies in the LIS discipline academic and practice sectors, resonates with the IFLA president’s theme, “Libraries Motor for Change.” This call to action urges LIS educators to work on their program plans and curricula. This session’s objective is to provide complementary coverage of new techniques, infrastructure, and academic and professional aspects for LIS future development.

Session 275  LIS Education in Developing Countries: Challenges and Trends - Thursday, August 29, 2019 13:45 - 15:45 held in MC 3 

LIS Education in Developing Countries LIS Education in Developing Countries Special Interest Group, sponsored by Education and Training Section, is focused on curriculum development as well as policy and procedure design for assessment and accreditation of LIS schools in the developing countries. We are seeking papers that discuss what challenges developing countries are experiencing in their LIS schools or what recent trends they are addressing with their LIS education?

SET Business Meetings at WLIC in Athens, Greece

IFLA - კვი, 21/07/2019 - 22:20

World Library and Information Congress (WLIC): 85th  IFLA General Conference and Assembly 

24-30 August 2019, Athens, Greece.

First Business Meeting: Session 006 will meet in Athens College Room 107 on Saturday, August 24, 2019 from 11:15 a.m. - 13:15 p.m.

Second Business Meeting: Session 244 will meet in Business Meeting Room 3 Thursday, August 29, 2019 from 08:00 a.m. - 10:30 a.m.

The survey on "HOW TO GET OUR VOICE HEARD AT IFLA ?"

IFLA - კვი, 21/07/2019 - 03:10

Dear colleagues from Africa, Asia, Oceania, Latin América and the Caribbean

We invite you to participate in the research titled "HOW TO GET OUR VOICE HEARD AT IFLA ?", which is being conducted by members of IFLA Regional Division V including Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), Africa, Asia and Oceania (A&O) Sections with the objective of identifying strategies to increase the number of members from our region at IFLA decision making position and in its activities and congresses.

Specifically, we seek to investigate the perception that professionals in the regions involved have so much about the needs, problems and difficulties they face to participate in IFLA, as well as their suggestions, ideas and contributions that can subsidize future actions and strategies that may be created by them . The data collected are confidential. No individual responses or name of the participant will be disclosed.

Your participation is critical to the development and success of our research. We, the researchers responsible for this study, commit ourselves to clarifying any questions that the participant may have before, during and after the research, through the following contacts: Sueli Mara Ferreira, Division V < sueli.ferreira@gmail.com> / Sanjay Sanjay K. Bihani - A&O Section / Rosemary Shafack - Africa Section - / Ana Maria Talavera - LAC Section -

The link to answer the questionnaire is  http://bit.ly/2JDyzdC

The survey is open until July 30, 2019.

We appreciate your attention and contribution! --

SUELI MARA SOARES PINTO FERREIRA,

PhD Full Professor Senior, Graduate Program in Information Science - University of São Paulo, Brasil

IFLA Governing Board Member IFLA Regional Division V Chair (África, Ásia and Oceania, América Latina and the Caribbean)

IFLA Professional Committee Member

IFLA Library Development Advisory Committee Member FEBAB, Copyright and Open Access Brazilian Committee Chair Email: sueli.ferreira@gmail.com Cel: +55-11-971005819 "...Life goes on inside us, not outside. What happens outside may even be a trigger, but our inner perception determines reality. " "...a Vida se passa dentro de nós, não fora. O que acontece fora pode até ser um gatilho, mas nossa percepção interna determina a realidade."

De Buenos Aires a Nueva York: Difundiendo el mensaje de apoyo a las bibliotecas

IFLA - პარ, 19/07/2019 - 20:43

En su segundo evento en el Foro Político de Alto Nivel, la IFLA, con la amable colaboración de la Misión Argentina ante las Naciones Unidas, celebró un encuentro sobre cómo extender el éxito de la Declaración de Buenos Aires a más países y a todo el mundo: Información para el desarrollo: La implementación de la Declaración de Buenos Aires.

El 22 de mayo de 2019, en Buenos Aires, los ministros y sus representantes de trece países presentes en el Foro de Ministros y Secretarios de Cultura de América Latina y el Caribe firmaron la Declaración de Buenos Aires.

Esto subrayó su compromiso tanto con los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible como con el acceso a la información como medio para lograrlo. También enfatizaron la importancia de las bibliotecas como socias para el desarrollo, y prometieron ayudarlas a realizar su potencial en este sentido.

Por último, subrayaron disposición a llevar el mensaje de la Declaración de Buenos Aires al mundo, a través del Foro Político de Alto Nivel de las Naciones Unidas, en el que ministros y altos funcionarios de todo el mundo están debatiendo la mejor manera de garantizar un crecimiento más fuerte, más justo y más sostenible.

Gracias a la Misión Permanente de la Argentina ante las Naciones Unidas, la IFLA se enorgullece de haber podido celebrar un debate sobre los siguientes pasos.

Creando Entendimiento, Creando Impacto

El Embajador argentino, Su Excelencia Martín García Moritán, inauguró la reunión dando la bienvenida a la IFLA y subrayando su propio compromiso con el acceso a la información a través de las fronteras. Expresó su deseo de que se hicieran esfuerzos para que las personas valoraran y utilizaran mejor la información y la cultura, y destacó su apoyo a las bibliotecas como asociadas clave para ello.

La Presidenta de la IFLA, Glòria Pérez-Salmerón, expuso a continuación la conexión entre información y desarrollo, basándose en su propia experiencia tanto local como internacional a lo largo de su mandato como Presidenta. Las bibliotecas tienen un papel único, argumentó, en asegurar que no terminemos en una sociedad de 'personas que saben' (knows) y 'personas que no saben' (know-nots).

La Secretaria Ejecutiva del Consejo Nacional de Políticas Sociales de Argentina, Gabriela Agosto, recordó que las bibliotecas contribuyen de manera muy distintas. Las bibliotecas especializadas son esenciales para apoyar la toma de decisiones, mientras que las bibliotecas públicas son fundamentales para la dimensión cultural de la Agenda 2030.

El Director Coordinador de la Biblioteca del Congreso de la Nación Argentina destacó la labor de su propia biblioteca para abordar la exclusión y la pobreza informacional. Acogió con entusiasmo la labor de la IFLA para apoyar a sus miembros en la región y darles la confianza y la voz necesarias para promover y defender con mayor eficacia.

Por último, el Secretario General de la IFLA, Gerald Leitner, reiteró el éxito de la Declaración e instó a los presentes a llevar sus mensajes a los colegas de las Naciones Unidas.

La Declaración, subrayó, debería ser un punto de partida, tanto para la adopción de nuevas medidas en la región como para la realización de esfuerzos similares en otras partes del mundo.

  Inclusión, empoderamiento, democracia

En el debate a continuación, el consenso fue claro en torno al papel de las bibliotecas como pilares de la vida democrática. Con un fuerte enfoque en incluir y ofrecer oportunidades a todos, sus misiones están en línea con el motivación de la Agenda 2030 de no dejar a nadie atrás..

El hecho de que los países de América Latina y el Caribe se estén involucrando es particularmente importante. Las buenas prácticas ya expuestas en las bibliotecas argentinas constituyen un valioso ejemplo para otros de cómo las bibliotecas pueden contribuir a la creación de sociedades más justas. La Revisión Nacional Voluntaria de Argentina en 2020 ofreció una oportunidad particularmente fuerte para destacar este trabajo.

La IFLA da las gracias a la Misión Permanente de Argentina por su apoyo y espera con interés trabajar con todos los Estados Miembros para garantizar que el papel de las bibliotecas en el desarrollo sea debidamente reconocido y apoyado en todo el mundo..

Vea más fotos de este evento en nuestro canal de Flickr.

De Buenos Aires a Nueva York: Difundiendo el mensaje de apoyo a las bibliotecas

IFLA - პარ, 19/07/2019 - 20:43

En su segundo evento en el Foro Político de Alto Nivel, la IFLA, con la amable colaboración de la Misión Argentina ante las Naciones Unidas, celebró un encuentro sobre cómo extender el éxito de la Declaración de Buenos Aires a más países y a todo el mundo: Información para el desarrollo: La implementación de la Declaración de Buenos Aires.

El 22 de mayo de 2019, en Buenos Aires, los ministros y sus representantes de trece países presentes en el Foro de Ministros y Secretarios de Cultura de América Latina y el Caribe firmaron la Declaración de Buenos Aires.

Esto subrayó su compromiso tanto con los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible como con el acceso a la información como medio para lograrlo. También enfatizaron la importancia de las bibliotecas como socias para el desarrollo, y prometieron ayudarlas a realizar su potencial en este sentido.

Por último, subrayaron disposición a llevar el mensaje de la Declaración de Buenos Aires al mundo, a través del Foro Político de Alto Nivel de las Naciones Unidas, en el que ministros y altos funcionarios de todo el mundo están debatiendo la mejor manera de garantizar un crecimiento más fuerte, más justo y más sostenible.

Gracias a la Misión Permanente de la Argentina ante las Naciones Unidas, la IFLA se enorgullece de haber podido celebrar un debate sobre los siguientes pasos.

Creando Entendimiento, Creando Impacto

El Embajador argentino, Su Excelencia Martín García Moritán, inauguró la reunión dando la bienvenida a la IFLA y subrayando su propio compromiso con el acceso a la información a través de las fronteras. Expresó su deseo de que se hicieran esfuerzos para que las personas valoraran y utilizaran mejor la información y la cultura, y destacó su apoyo a las bibliotecas como asociadas clave para ello.

La Presidenta de la IFLA, Glòria Pérez-Salmerón, expuso a continuación la conexión entre información y desarrollo, basándose en su propia experiencia tanto local como internacional a lo largo de su mandato como Presidenta. Las bibliotecas tienen un papel único, argumentó, en asegurar que no terminemos en una sociedad de 'personas que saben' (knows) y 'personas que no saben' (know-nots).

La Secretaria Ejecutiva del Consejo Nacional de Políticas Sociales de Argentina, Gabriela Agosto, recordó que las bibliotecas contribuyen de manera muy distintas. Las bibliotecas especializadas son esenciales para apoyar la toma de decisiones, mientras que las bibliotecas públicas son fundamentales para la dimensión cultural de la Agenda 2030.

El Director Coordinador de la Biblioteca del Congreso de la Nación Argentina destacó la labor de su propia biblioteca para abordar la exclusión y la pobreza informacional. Acogió con entusiasmo la labor de la IFLA para apoyar a sus miembros en la región y darles la confianza y la voz necesarias para promover y defender con mayor eficacia.

Por último, el Secretario General de la IFLA, Gerald Leitner, reiteró el éxito de la Declaración e instó a los presentes a llevar sus mensajes a los colegas de las Naciones Unidas.

La Declaración, subrayó, debería ser un punto de partida, tanto para la adopción de nuevas medidas en la región como para la realización de esfuerzos similares en otras partes del mundo.

  Inclusión, empoderamiento, democracia

En el debate a continuación, el consenso fue claro en torno al papel de las bibliotecas como pilares de la vida democrática. Con un fuerte enfoque en incluir y ofrecer oportunidades a todos, sus misiones están en línea con el motivación de la Agenda 2030 de no dejar a nadie atrás..

El hecho de que los países de América Latina y el Caribe se estén involucrando es particularmente importante. Las buenas prácticas ya expuestas en las bibliotecas argentinas constituyen un valioso ejemplo para otros de cómo las bibliotecas pueden contribuir a la creación de sociedades más justas. La Revisión Nacional Voluntaria de Argentina en 2020 ofreció una oportunidad particularmente fuerte para destacar este trabajo.

La IFLA da las gracias a la Misión Permanente de Argentina por su apoyo y espera con interés trabajar con todos los Estados Miembros para garantizar que el papel de las bibliotecas en el desarrollo sea debidamente reconocido y apoyado en todo el mundo..

Vea más fotos de este evento en nuestro canal de Flickr.

Open Session at WLIC 2019 - Keeping it Real while Augmenting Reality: the Impact of Technology and Equipment on Library Design 8.30am Wednesday 28th August, Session 205 (Lambrakis)

IFLA - პარ, 19/07/2019 - 15:02
Our exciting Open Session at WLIC 2019 Keeping it Real while Augmenting Reality: the Impact of Technology and Equipment on Library Design takes place at 8.30am on Wednesday 28th August, Session 205 in Lambrakis. Libraries use technology and equipment in creative ways to enhance the user experience, foster experimentation and innovation, create operational efficiencies, provide inclusive services and spaces, bridge any gap between the physical and digital, support effective service delivery, and more. This programme examines current and future roles of technology and equipment in positioning libraries to offer enhanced services, promoting change within their communities, the profession and society at large, and how these roles impact the built environment. Our programme seeks to stimulate ideas about new uses of older technologies and to examine methods and opportunities for using low and high-tech equipment to meet all budgets. The programme includes an exciting range of speakers from around the world . Join us at 8.30am on Wednesday 28th August for Session 205 in Lambrakis.

IFLA ARL Webinar 3 - Academic Libraries Engaging in Publishing

IFLA - პარ, 19/07/2019 - 11:35

Title:  Academic Libraries Engaging in Publishing: A Burgeoning Service Model in the Open Access Sphere

Presenters:  Presenters: Jody Bailey, Head of Scholarly Communications Office, Emory University Libraries, and Ted Polley, Social Sciences & Digital Publishing, IUPUI University Library

Bios: Jody Bailey is the Head of the Scholarly Communications Office at Emory University Libraries, where she leads a team of librarians and library specialists who are responsible for services surrounding copyright, open access and publishing, research data management, and open educational resources. The team also manages two scholarly repositories that publish works by Emory faculty and students. Jody is a member of the Board of Directors for the Library Publishing Coalition, and her scholarly interests include open-access publishing, open educational resources, user-centered library services, and outreach activities. She has published articles in peer-reviewed journals and presented at numerous conferences.

Ted Polley is the Social Sciences & Digital Publishing Librarian at IUPUI University Library, where he manages the Library’s digital publishing service. Currently, the Library hosts and provides support to 21 scholarly peer-reviewed journals, with plans to expand into open monograph publishing soon. Ted’s research interests include open access, library publishing, open data, and data visualization. He is active in the library publishing community and currently sits on the Board of the Library Publishing Coalition.

Date & Time: August 1, 2019 9:00 AM Eastern US time

Register in advance for this meeting

This webinar is free and open to the public. Please share this invitation openly.

Please register for the webinar here.

Series Organiser: Dr Reggie Raju 

Chair of ARL: Ms Mimi Calter 

This session is the third in a series of presentations on topics relevant to Academic & Research Libraries. 

 

From Buenos Aires to New York: Spreading the Message of Support for Libraries

IFLA - პარ, 19/07/2019 - 06:52

​In its second event of the High Level Political Forum, IFLA, with the kind support of the Argentine Mission to the United Nations, held a discussion about how to extend the success of the Buenos Aires Declaration to more countries, and around the world: Information for Development: Delivering on the Buenos Aires Declaration.

On 22 May 2019, in Buenos Aires, ministers and their representatives from thirteen countries at the Forum of Ministers of Culture of Latin America and the Caribbean signed the Buenos Aires Declaration.

This underlined their commitment both to the Sustainable Development Goals, and to access to information as a means of achieving this. They also stressed the importance of libraries as partners for development, and promised to help them realise their potential in this this regards.

Thanks to the Permanent Mission of Argentina to the United Nations, IFLA was proud to be able to hold a discussion on next steps.

Building Understanding, Building Impact

The Argentinian Ambassador, His Excellency Martin Garcia Moritán, opened by welcoming IFLA, and underlining his own commitment to access to information across borders. He looked forward to efforts to ensure people better valued and made use of information and culture, and stressed his support for libraries as key partners for doing this.

IFLA President Glòria Pérez-Salmerón then set out the connection between information and development, drawing on her own experience both from home, and internationally throughout her time as President. Libraries had a unique role, she argued, in ensuring that we didn’t end up in a society of ‘knows’ and ‘know-nots’.

Executive Secretary of the Argentine National Council for Social Policies Gabriela Agosto reminded participants that libraries contributed in difference ways. Specialised libraries were essential for supporting decision making, while public libraries were key to the cultural dimension of the 2030 Agenda.

Coordinating Director of the Library of Congress of the Argentine Nation underlined his own library’s work to tackle exclusion and information poverty. He welcomed IFLA’s work in supporting its members in the region, and giving them the confidence and voice to advocate more effectively.

Finally, IFLA Secretary General Gerald Leitner reiterated the success if the Declaration, and urged those present to bring its messages to colleagues at the United Nations.

The Declaration, he stressed, should be a starting point, both for further action within the region, and for similar efforts elsewhere in the world.  

  Inclusion, Empowerment, Democracy

In the following debate, the consensus was clear around the role of libraries as pillars of democratic life. With a strong focus on including and enabling everyone, their missions were well in line with the goal of the 2030 Agenda to leave no-one behind.

There fact that Latin American and Caribbean countries were getting involved was particularly important. The good practice already on show in Argentina’s libraries offered a valuable example to others of how libraries could contribute to creating fairer societies. Argentina’s Voluntary National Review in 2020 offered a particularly strong opportunity to highlight this work.

​IFLA offers its thanks to the Permanent Mission of Argentina for its support, and looks forward to working with all member states to ensure the role of libraries in development is properly recognised and supported worldwide.

See more pictures of the event in our Flickr channel.

Knowledge Partners for Sustainable Development: IFLA Joins SDG 17 Event at United Nations

IFLA - ხუთ, 18/07/2019 - 18:47

The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals place a strong emphasis on partnerships, within and across countries. These, the UN argues, are essential for spreading ideas, reducing inequalities within and across countries and improving the effectiveness of development policies.

Libraries are well suited to participate in and support these partnerships, as was made clear in an event held at the UN Library on 16 July during the High Level Political Forum 2019, Partnering for development - From global to local: the role of knowledge and libraries.

Global Information Partnerships

The entire 2030 Agenda, as agreed in 2015, is based on a growing understanding that the challenges the world faces are interlinked. Success in one area – such as education – tends to have positive impacts on another, while a failure to act – for example on climate change – puts everything else at risk.

This growing understanding is based on information, and the work of researchers and other experts around the world.

The need to continue and strengthen access to information across borders came out strongly as a theme in the first session of the event. Following an introduction by UN Library Chief Thanos Giannakopoulos, IFLA President Glòria Pérez-Salmerón reminded the audience of the importance of knowledge for development.

Citing all of the examples of positive contributions she had seen during her presidency, she underlined: ‘Libraries are already doing so much. But there are so many more lives we can improve, so much innovation to support, so much understanding to create. Work with us to make this a reality!'

In addition to the IFLA President, the audience heard a presentation of the Global Sustainable Development Report from Mr Shantanu Mukherjee in the United Nations Secretariat. The Report, the result of a collaboration between fifteen academics, underlines both what is possible when knowledge is shared, but also some of the challenges in doing so.

UN Library Chief Thanos Giannakopoulos also presented on the New York pledge, signed by libraries across different UN offices and agencies, and which looks to improve their ability to cooperate in support of efforts to deliver development.

From the Global to the Local

IFLA Secretary General Gerald Leitner opened the second part of the session, highlighting the specific role of libraries as partners for development.

Stressing IFLA’s own commitment to the Sustainable Development Goals, he set out the process that IFLA has followed to connect and engage libraries worldwide, and set out an invitation to all participants to work with libraries in order to go further in making progress.

As he underlined, 'Information is key for delivering the SDGs, and libraries provide the infrastructure to make it happen. This is our invitation: work with libraries, from the local to the global levels, to build partnerships for success'.

Finally, Zoubeida Bouallagui, an active participant in IFLA’s International Advocacy Programme (IAP), spoke, sharing examples from Tunisia. Having been energised and motivated by the SDGs, libraries in the country were combining their strengths with those of other organisations to provide better services to users.

She set out efforts both to build awareness of the SDGs, and to take practical steps, for example through developing coding skills, or enabling women in rural areas to sell their handicrafts online.

Going Forwards

With a strong understanding among participants of the potential of information to drive development, and the potential of libraries to form the basis of partnerships, the main question was what we can do next.

In response, and in closing, IFLA Secretary General Leitner echoed his call on everyone involved in the SDGs to reach out to libraries, and see how we can worth together to go further.

See a photo album with highlights of the event in our Flickr channel.

Now available: summary of UN Secretary-General’s High-level Panel Report on Digital Cooperation

IFLA - ოთხ, 17/07/2019 - 15:58

The digital age is changing the way libraries work – transforming their collections, facilitating sharing of works, allowing them to offer completely new types of services, and more. That is why the way the internet and digital technology are governed concerns libraries – the current and emerging rules and practices will affect their everyday work.

In 2018, the UN Secretary-General launched a High-level Panel on Digital Cooperation – the first UN digital governance initiative of this scale. Following extensive multistakeholder consultations, the Panel issued a report in June 2019 outlining key issues and setting out recommendations on how to leverage global cooperation towards a more inclusive digital future.

Several messages and recommendations the report puts forward are directly relevant for libraries:
  • Meaningful access to digital infrastructure for marginalized populations is paramount. Many libraries offer internet access services to their users, often in areas with low internet penetration or high costs of connectivity. This function is especially important in light of the report’s recommendation. Each library can reflect on whether there are any further initiatives it could take to help marginalised communities in its area get online.
  • An idea of pooling together digital public goods – digital technologies and content freely available for people to use or adapt – is proposed. In the multistakeholder discussions that will follow, libraries can lend their expertise in information organisation and access, in order to ensure that tools are usable.
  • Education systems will need to adapt to prepare people for living and working in the digital age. These changes include teaching information literacy and soft skills, wider use of informal instruction and enabling lifelong learning. Libraries can take a proactive role and expand their educational initiatives to include these recommendations. This would help them position themselves as major partners in the changing education systems.
  • All participants of multistakeholder consultations on internet governance are invited to define their guiding values to develop a shared vision. This offers libraries an opportunity to get involved and promote the values they stand for – public access, intellectual freedom, equality and lifelong learning.

 

See the full summary of the report and its recommendations, highlighting points of particular interest for libraries:

[English – PDF]

You can read the IFLA contribution to the UN High Level Panel on Digital Cooperation. You can also view the submission made by the Partnership for Public Access, to which IFLA contributed.

 

Wanted: New Members for the Digital Humanities & Digital Cultural Heritage Working Group

LIBER news - სამ, 16/07/2019 - 12:38

After the successful presentation of the survey results, the Digital Humanities and Digital Cultural Heritage Working Group is already making plans for the coming year. In our new work plan we shift our attention to new topics emerging from the survey. To support our upcoming activities, we are looking for new people to join the…

The post Wanted: New Members for the Digital Humanities & Digital Cultural Heritage Working Group appeared first on LIBER.

Simplify, Unify, Diversify: an Interview with Jessica Want, New York Public Library

IFLA - სამ, 16/07/2019 - 07:17

Alongside growing concern in the United States and Canada about the conditions imposed on libraries looking to lend eBooks, there are also efforts to reduce dependency on third party distributors by building 'library-controlled' platforms.

One such effort is Library Simplified, a collaboration between New York Public Library, the Digital Public Library of America (DPLA), and Lyrasis.

This, the hope is, will offer a better service both for readers and libraries. We interviewed Jessica Want, Director, Digital Products at New York Public Library, to find out more:

 

1. How significant is demand for eBooks in libraries in the US?


From a cross-reference of Nielsen, Library Journal, and Publishers Weekly PubTrack Digital, the ebook market in the US was over 250 million units per year as of the beginning of 2018.

There is, however, a lack of clarity on the precise number for two reasons. Firstly, statistics on independent publishers, aggregators, and self-publishing authors aren't gathered with specificity by any tracking service, and the major retailers do not provide public data on their ebook sales.

Secondly, while there are a lot of data indicating "ebook numbers are down,” the "downloaded audio" segment is rising dramatically (35% by one measure), indicating that these two metrics are gauged separately by a number of metrics providers. This shift from visual to audio would also explain why other market analysis models report a decline in the sale of dedicated eReaders - they're not great for audiobook use.

 

2. What’s wrong with the status quo?


Public libraries are constrained by limited options for licensing.  US libraries’ eBook services are often provided by 3rd party, commercial vendors who negotiate with publishers on the libraries' behalf.  The business models of these commercial vendors are often not aligned with, and sometimes even in opposition to, the needs of the library.  These vendors have also developed proprietary products that reside in our patrons pockets, through their individual apps, where they are capturing the patron’s attention, owning the relationship with the patron (rather than allowing the library to), and collecting the patrons' reading history and other personal data.  

The multitude of vendors has also created a very fractured user experience.  For each vendor there is a separate app for patrons to use - in the case of NYPL there are more than six.  This brings our patrons too close to the messiness of multiple-vendor eBook distribution that we've worked so hard for decades to eliminate. For example, we don't display the print books by publisher or distributor. The proliferation of commercial eReading apps imposes a confusing user experience, where they must learn multiple interfaces, remember multiple logins, agree to the different terms of the services and occasionally switch between specific hardware or additional technology. 

Distributors have also restricted libraries’ ability to work together as a unified profession. Libraries are obliged to negotiate separately with each of the vendors and publishers as disjointed individual institutions, rather than collaboratively as a sector. 

Commercial vendors and distributors are also primarily concerned with the sales of books, not with the actual reading of them.  We have come to discover that, on occasion, our vendors will push books to a patron's device without notifying them - or us - that they’ve received the book.  This checks-out the book for the patron, pushes it into their book queue without their notice, and charges the library for another read — all the while without confirmation that the patron; i) still wants the book; ii) will be aware that it has been sent to them; and most importantly, iii) has the opportunity to read it.

Similarly, the current experiences are designed to super-serve our highest-frequency readers.  The apps and distribution of eBooks do not allow for the flexibility to shift service options or to develop tactics to engage with lower-frequency readers. All in all, eReading experiences (or any other services provided by purely commercially-motivated 3rd parties, for that matter), that are not designed to fulfill the mission of the library, or that undermine the principles and values of the library, are never going to be optimized to support those patrons who are in greatest need of library services.

 

3. What will the nationwide platform do?


In short, as a shared nationwide platform, Library Simplified, will unify libraries as a sector to be able to: i) negotiate with vendors and, hopefully, publishers, ii) operate within a simpler, unified eBooks system; iii) re-establish a personal relationship with our own patrons; iv) reclaim ownership of the collections that they have paid for but are very much 'controlled' by the vendors; v) pay attention to those patrons with high or special needs, especially those with reading disabilities; and iv) develop a library-centric ‘eReading Room’, where our patrons can discover the pleasure of reading without constant distractions and 'upselling' or other promotions.

 

4. What does ‘library controlled’ mean in practice?


Libraries  - and, of course, librarians - live and work by a core set of values. In the US, public libraries are institutions that ensure free speech, protect patron privacy, remove barriers to, and promote, equality, ensure universal access to information, work to narrow the digital divide, avoid censorship, and ensure that a broad and diverse range of voices are represented.  We may not always appreciate quite how unique these freedoms are to the citizens of the United States of America and might sometimes take them for granted but very few nations today have such safeguards to democracy as are enshrined through these enduring institutions. A library-controlled experience ensures that those values are always the basis of the patron’s experience.  Libraries do not see patrons as a commodity but rather actively work against the commercially-motivated values of vendors and other organizations. Patrons of the Library are not ‘customers’.

The library-patron relationship is the underlying goal of the Library Simplified platform. By sharing this platform with other libraries across the whole of the US, this precious relationship will be placed back into the hands of their libraries, allowing them to make programmatic and engagement decisions to best serve all patrons - no longer just those who are of the most interest to 3rd parties.

 

5. What does each partner bring to the project?


Library Simplified is made up of three components, and thus, three opportunities for partnership.

Firstly, the reading experience: The New York Public Library has created an eReading app, SimplyE, that aggregates eBooks form the various vendors into one interface for patrons to access both eBooks and audiobooks.  It has a librarian administration component that puts libraries and librarians in control of which materials are promoted to their patrons.

Secondly, the eBooks: The DPLA Exchange is continuing to develop a ‘public library’ option for purchasing e-materials that is built in consultation, 'With Libraries For Libraries', and is working directly with publishers to develop new sources for diverse and inclusive reading materials. They will work collaboratively with publishers to explore new licensing models, as well as develop a completely free collection, which includes educational, contemporary, and historical books, available to all libraries who adopt SimplyE to integrate into, or augment, their own collections. The collection is also completely free and fully accessible to readers anywhere in the US who install the SimplyE app, even without a Library Card.

Finally, the Systems Integration and Support: For those libraries that cannot implement and maintain the technologies for themselves, there are a small number of not-for-profit specialists (including LYRASIS, AMIGOS and CALIFA), who are there to help onboard and set-up those who are interested in using Library Simplified and SimplyE.  These Service Providers also offer very low-cost front-line service support for libraries. They all offer Software License Agreements (SLAs) and contracts that offer technical support for the duration of that contract so that the library has software experts to call, at any time of day, should their patrons experience any issues. In this way the entire platform is not just comprehensive in its program offerings, but in its support of all public libraries as well. 

 

6. What changes do you expect to see in the availability of (non-openly licensed) books?


Libraries are at risk of not having access to front-list or popular titles immediately, or being subjected to prohibitively expensive licenses that will limit the availability of titles (particularly popular titles) to patrons. The opportunity to negotiate as a sector, rather than as individual libraries, and by being able to promote a library-centric perspective, will allow public libraries to speak collectively in order to redefine licensing terms, and be recognized for the way we add, rather than reduce, long-term value to the publishing industries.

 

7. What difference will readers see?


Patrons will have access to a greater number, and greater range, of books, both those offered for free through the DPLA Exchange, as well as those licensed through commercial vendors.  Libraries will be able to negotiate for better terms with publishers so that the cost of each license can be optimized, in particular for front-list books.

Progress on Exceptions and Limitations to Copyright in Latin America and the Caribbean

IFLA - ორშ, 15/07/2019 - 07:25

​The third and final WIPO regional seminar on exceptions and limitations took place in Santo Domingo on 4-5 July. It looked into the copyright rules that define whether libraries, archives, museums, and education and research institutions in Latin America and the Caribbean can do their jobs. IFLA was there to promote the need for international action.

Over the past ten years, IFLA has engaged closely at the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) in order to make the case for action on copyright rules for libraries. We have underlined the unique potential of WIPO not only in setting an example for governments worldwide, but also in making it possible for libraries to work across borders.

As part of this process, WIPO’s Member States agreed to hold three regional seminars in order to hear about the situation on the ground, in order to inform its discussions.

The third of these seminars took place on 4-5 July in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. Just like those previously in Singapore and Nairobi, it had the mission to analyse the challenges facing libraries and other institutions in Latin America and the Caribbean, and to explore possible areas for action. It will feed into an international conference on exceptions and limitations in October in Geneva.

The seminar brought together representatives from 17 countries, as well as WIPO officials, and representatives of libraries, archives, museums, education and research institutions, collective management organisations and publishers – you can download the provisional list of participants.

 

Underlining What Libraries Need

The event started with a set of expert presentations, followed an afternoon and a morning of workshop discussions and concluded with a report back to the group as a whole.

The four experts chosen by WIPO summarised the conclusions of studies carries out for WIPO, and underlined some of the challenges faced by libraries, archives, museums, education and research institutions.

Professor Kenneth Crews in particular presented his typology study (see the infographic summarising it in English and in Spanish), which makes the clear the failings in current legislation. Six countries out of the 33 in the region have no exceptions at all for libraries, and even when exceptions exist, they are often not adapted to the digital world.

In subsequent discussions with Member States on three different tables, government representatives explored these issues. Observers, including IFLA, were given the opportunity to make short points, and thanks to excellent participation from local representatives, could highlight many examples of where neither licensing nor current laws cold offer a solution to their needs. For example, in the Dominican Republic, academic libraries cannot make preservation copies under an exception.

Nonetheless, it is clear that there is a strong lobby claiming that further development of collecting societies would resolve all situations. This is a misleading argument. It confuses the legitimate role of representative and well-governed collecting societies in ensuring that authors are paid for significant uses of their works, with the harm that comes from making minor and public interest uses of books and other materials subject to payment. 

 

Support for Action

We are happy to say that in two of the three tables, the importance of international action on exceptions and limitations to copyright at WIPO was highlighted, with Ecuador, Paraguay, Uruguay and Cuba speaking up. Others were clear in recognising the need for action to support libraries and other institutions.

Our focus now turns to the global conference due to take place in October. It is clear that more work will be necessary in order to ensure that governments understand the necessity of progress at the international level. This is indispensable if librarians are to be able to do their jobs without fear or uncertainty. Business as usual is not enough.

We hope that the October conference will offer a meaningful platform to set out the needs of libraries, and to build momentum for action.

With all three regional seminars making it clear that something needs to happen, it is time for WIPO to step up and do the right thing for the users of libraries, archives and museums, as well as learners and researchers globally.

IFLA would like to thank Alicia Ocaso, Micdonia Quirós, Eloísa Marrero, Amarilís Beltré, Lucero Arboleda, Giovanna Riggio, Dulce María Núñez, Izaskun Herrojo, Sharon Alexander-Gooding, Luisa de Peña, Laura Pérez and Marisol Floren for their support and the great work done before and throughout the regional seminar.

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